2024-05-13

South Plains Astronomy Club

Observing Under The Dark West Texas Skies

An article on Space.com got me thinking about an experiment for the fall:
https://www.space.com/31532-black-hole-visible-light-telescope-discovery.html

Visible Light from a Black Hole Spotted by Telescope, a First Scientists have spotted dim visible light from the region around a black hole, light that can be seen even by stargazers with a medium-size telescope.www.space.com

The star V404 Cyg varies from magnitude 11.2-18.8 over 100 seconds to 150 minutes. Thats out of reach of small scope, but an 8″ or larger scope should be able to see some of the light curve and a sensitive camera attached to a scope should be able to see it all. It’s a unique thing to observe and you should see the swing from bright to dim in one observing session!

By Andrew Beardmore (Univ. of Leicester) and NASA/Swift – http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/details.cgi?aid=11948, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=49936308

My Experiment

I’m going to experiment with my IOTA camera system and 8″ scope to see if I can record the light levels of V404. I’m not sure I can record the star at its dimmest with my system, but we’ll see. Once the camera records the video, the IOTA software will generate a light curve for each frame. Here’s an example from an occultation where an asteroid blocks the light of a star briefly:

Source: IOTA

The light curve from a much longer observation of V404 would have tightly packed dots that would probably trend up or down across the page. At least that’s my hope!

When Is V404 Cyg Up?

If you’re interested in seeing the light from a black hole, you’ll need to get up early or wait a few months:

Cygnus is a low morning constellation in July
(Numbers are hours of the day)
In the Fall and early Winter, it’s better placed in the evening
(Numbers are months)

Charts generated from C2A planetarium software. This is also the software that works with IOTA’s occultation prediction software.

Finding V404 Cyg

If you’ve got a goto system, you can just hit the coordinates:

  • RA 20h 24m 3.81s
  • Dec +33° 52′ 2″

I also generated some finder charts from Cartes du Ciel software:

30° chart of Cygnus

10° finder chart

5° finder chart

More info on V404 Cyg:

AAVSO’s article on amateur astronomers collecting data on V404:
https://www.aavso.org/aavso-observers-contribute-understanding-black-hole-binary-v404-cygni


NASA’s SWIFT telescope images V404 Cyg: https://www.swift.ac.uk/about/V404Cyg.php

CHANDRA sees light echos at V404 CYG https://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2021/v404cyg/index.html

Wikipedia’s page for V404 Cyg (for an overview): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/V404_Cygni